Contribución de la protección a la calidad de vida de las personas chilenas que viven con VIH / Contribution of guarding to quality of life among chilean people living with HIV

Alejandra Ximena Araya, Evelyn S. Iriarte,

Resumen


Antecedentes: la protección es un proceso de autocuidado que las personas utilizan para gestionar las enfermedades crónicas; se refiere al proceso de mantener vigilancia sobre el ser y la red de una persona. Este estudio evalúa la relación entre la calidad de vida y la protección entre las personas que viven con el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana / síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida (PVVS). Método: Se realizó un estudio transversal de 209 personas que viven con el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana / síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida en Santiago, Chile. Las PVVS completaron un cuestionario sobre las características de la calidad de vida, el estado de los síntomas del virus de inmunodeficiencia humana, la red social, la demografía y la protección. Las características de la enfermedad se obtuvieron de los registros médicos. Resultados: La regresión múltiple jerárquica reveló que tener más amigos / parientes cercanos, menos síntomas del virus de inmunodeficiencia humana y menos comportamiento protector se relacionaron significativamente con una mejor calidad de vida. No se encontró relación entre la calidad de vida y las características demográficas y de enfermedad. Conclusión: Juntas, las variables de estudio explicaron el 58.8 por ciento de la variación en la calidad de vida.

Palabras clave: Enfermedad crónica, Protección, Infecciones por VIH, Calidad de vida, Análisis de regresión, Autocuidado.


Abstract

Background: Guarding is a self-care process that individuals use to manage chronic illness; it refers to the process of maintaining vigilance over a person’s self and network. This study evaluates the relationship between quality of life and guarding among people living with Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (PLHA). Method: A cross-sectional study of 209 people living with Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome was conducted in Santiago, Chile. PLHA completed a questionnaire about characteristics of quality of life, human immunodeficiency virus symptoms status, social network, demographics, and guarding. Illness characteristics were obtained from medical records. Results: Hierarchical multiple regression revealed that having more close friends/relatives, fewer Human immunodeficiency virus symptom status, and less guarding behavior was significantly related to a higher quality of life. No relationship was found between quality of life and demographic and illness characteristics. Conclusion: Together, study variables explained 58.8% of the variation in the quality of life.

Keywords: Chronic illness, Guarding, HIV infections, Quality of Life, Regression Analysis, Self-Care.

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