Prácticas y resultados sexuales de los jóvenes en un asentamiento urbano de la ciudad de Benin, Nigeria / Sexual practices and outcomes of young people in an urban settlement in Benin City, Nigeria

Vincent Yakubu Adam, Kingsley Chinedu Okafor

Resumen


Antecedentes: Los jóvenes constituyen una de las bases de recursos humanos más dinámicas. Los jóvenes exploran su sexualidad y tienen relaciones sexuales con resultados como embarazos no deseados, abortos, ITS y VIH/SIDA.
Objetivo: En este estudio se determinaron las prácticas sexuales y los factores asociados con los resultados sexuales de los jóvenes en un asentamiento urbano de Benin City (Nigeria).
Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio descriptivo y transversal entre 400 jóvenes de Oluku, Ciudad de Benin (Nigeria), utilizando un método de muestreo en dos etapas. Para la recopilación de datos se utilizó un cuestionario estructurado administrado por el entrevistador.
Los resultados: La muestra consistió de 211 (52,8%) mujeres y 189 (47,3%) hombres. Su edad media fue de 17,8±3,9 años. Casi la mitad - 194 (48,5%) - de los encuestados habían tenido relaciones sexuales, de las cuales 154 (79,4%) no fueron planificadas. La edad media de inicio de las relaciones sexuales fue de 17,2±3,4 años. La mayoría de los encuentros sexuales fueron con parejas mayores. Los embarazos no deseados y las infecciones de transmisión sexual fueron el resultado de los encuentros sexuales en 54 (27,8%) y 40 (20,6%) de los encuestados, respectivamente. Los factores asociados con el resultado del encuentro sexual fueron la edad, el sexo, la edad de inicio de la actividad sexual y la estructura familiar.
Conclusión: Los encuestados tuvieron un debut sexual temprano. El encuentro sexual fue principalmente con vecinos mayores y compañeros de escuela. Los resultados sexuales reportados por los encuestados incluyen embarazos no deseados e infecciones de transmisión sexual. La edad, el género, la edad de inicio de la actividad sexual y el tipo de familia se asociaron con el resultado de la práctica sexual. Los principales interesados deben establecer en la comunidad centros de apoyo para jóvenes que ayuden a educar y capacitar a los jóvenes en la adquisición de aptitudes para la vida y que también presten servicios de salud sexual y reproductiva a los jóvenes de la comunidad.
Palabras clave: Prácticas y resultados sexuales, factores asociados, jóvenes, asentamiento urbano, Nigeria.

Abstract

Background: Young people constitute one of the most dynamic human resource bases. Youths explore their sexuality and have sexual relationships with outcomes like unintended pregnancies, abortions, STIs and HIV/AIDS.
Objective: This study ascertained the sexual practices and factors associated with the sexual outcomes of young people in an urban settlement in Benin City, Nigeria.
Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted among 400 young people in Oluku, Benin City, Nigeria, using two-staged sampling method. An interviewer-administered structured questionnaire was used for data collection.
Results: The respondents comprised of 211(52.8%) females and 189(47.3%) males. Their mean age was 17.8±3.9 years. Almost half, 194 (48.5%) of the respondents had experienced sexual intercourse, of which 154(79.4%) were unplanned. The mean age at sexual debut was 17.2±3.4 years. Most sexual encounters were with older partners. Unintended pregnancy and STIs were outcome of sexual encounters in 54(27.8%) and 40(20.6%) of the respondents respectively. Factors associated with the outcome of sexual encounter were age, gender, age at sexual debut and family structure.
Conclusion: The respondents had early sexual debuts. Sexual encounter was mainly with older neighbours and schoolmates. Sexual outcome reported by respondents include unintended pregnancy and STIs. Age, gender, age at sexual debut and family type were associated with outcome of sexual practice. Key stakeholders should establish youth friendly centres in the community which will help educate and train youths on life building skills and also provide sexual and reproductive health services to young people in the community.

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