Preparando a los estudiantes de medicina de EE.UU. para responder al cambio climático / Preparing U.S. Medical Students to Respond to Climate Change

Keanan McGonigle, Frances Gill

Resumen


La devastadora temporada de huracanes de este año ha puesto de relieve los efectos económicos y sanitarios de un clima mundial cambiante. Los variados impactos del cambio climático en la salud ya no pueden ser ignorados por nadie que practique la medicina, ya sea de atención primaria o especializada. Los médicos ya están a la vanguardia de la respuesta al cambio climático, abogando en nombre de sus pacientes. A través de organizaciones profesionales, grupos de membresía y acciones individuales, los médicos están trabajando para mitigar el impacto del cambio climático y también abogando por la reducción de las emisiones de carbono. En el futuro, los médicos se ocuparán de los impactos del cambio climático en la salud, desde el empeoramiento de la calidad del aire hasta las frecuentes olas de calor. Las facultades de medicina ofrecen un espacio estructurado para que los futuros médicos aprendan sobre la interacción entre la salud humana y el cambio climático. Mientras que los esfuerzos internacionales para preparar el futuro personal sanitario han avanzado rápidamente, las facultades de medicina de los Estados Unidos se han quedado atrás. Las facultades de medicina deben incorporar conceptos de salud ambiental en los esfuerzos del plan de estudios general para preparar a sus graduados a enfrentar los desafíos de un clima cambiante.

Abstract

The devastating hurricane season this year has brought the economic and health impacts of a changing global climate into stark relief. The varied health impacts of climate change can no longer be ignored by anyone who practices medicine – whether primary care or specialist. Physicians are already at the forefront of the response to climate change, advocating on behalf of their patients. Through professional organizations, membership groups, and individual actions, doctors are working to mitigate the impact of climate change as well as advocating for reductions in carbon emissions. In the future, physicians will be managing the health impacts of climate change, from worsening air quality to frequent heat waves. Medical schools provide a structured space for future physicians to learn about the interaction between human health and climate change. While international efforts to prepare the future health workforce have proceeded at a rapid clip, US medical schools have lagged behind. Medical schools must incorporate environmental health concepts into general curriculum efforts to prepare their graduates to meet the challenges of a changing climate.

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Referencias


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