Síntomas que reportan las personas mayores que viven con VIH / HIV-related symptoms reported by older people living with HIV

Alejandra Ximena Araya, Evelyn Iriarte, Kareen Berger

Resumen


Introducción: Las personas mayores que viven con VIH (PMVIH) experimentan síntomas que pueden influir en su bienestar psicosocial, calidad de vida y adherencia al tratamiento.
Objetivo: Analizar los síntomas en relación a su frecuencia e intensidad que reportan las PMVVIH con variables sociodemográficas y clínicas.
Material y Métodos: Estudio transversal en 46 personas mayores en un centro clínico ambulatorio en Santiago de Chile. Se midieron variables socio-demográficas, clínicas y de los síntomas relacionados al VIH. Para el análisis de datos, se utilizaron estadísticas descriptivas, chi-cuadrado y tablas de contingencia.
Resultados: Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron: Miedos y/o preocupaciones, depresión, pérdida de memoria y dolor muscular. Los síntomas con mayor severidad fueron: Miedos y preocupaciones, venas prominentes en extremidades inferiores y gases y/o hinchazón. Años viviendo con VIH y educación universitaria se correlacionaron con un alto número de síntomas.
Discusión: La mayor cantidad de años viviendo con VIH y el tener educación universitaria completa se correlaciona positivamente con la frecuencia de síntomas asociados al VIH. Es importante evaluar la cantidad e intensidad de los síntomas de las PMVVIH. Un mejor automanejo de los síntomas asociados al VIH puede generar un impacto en la percepción de la calidad de vida de este grupo de personas.
Palabras claves: Infecciones por VIH, anciano, signos y síntomas

Abstract

Introduction: Older people living with HIV experience symptoms that may influence their psychosocial well-being, quality of life and adherence to treatment. Objective: To analyze the symptoms in relation to their frequency and intensity that PMVVIH report with sociodemographic and clinical variables. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study in 46 elderly people in an ambulatory clinic in Santiago, Chile. Socio-demographic, clinical variables and variables related to HIV were measured. For the analysis of data, descriptive statistics, chi-square and contingency tables were used. Results: The most frequent symptoms were: Fears and/or worries, depression, loss of memory and muscular pain. The symptoms with greater severity were: Fears and worries, prominent veins in lower extremities and gas and / or swelling. Years living with HIV and university education were correlated with a high number of symptoms. Discussion: The largest number of years living with HIV and having a complete university education correlates positively with the frequency of symptoms associated with HIV. It is important to evaluate the amount and intensity of the symptoms of PMVVIH. A better self-management of symptoms associated with HIV can have an impact on the perception of the quality of life of this group of people. Key words: HIV Infections, aged, signs and symptoms.

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