Análisis de los niveles de actividad física e índice de masa corporal entre estudiantes universitarios: una revisión sistemática / Analysis of the levels of physical activity and body mass index of college students: a systematic review

Milena Oliveira Cardoso, Anderson Melo Chaves, Pâmella Reis de Abreu, Mariela de Santana Maneschy, Ricardo Pablo Passos, Bráulio Nascimento Lima, Guanis de Barros Vilela Junior, André Filipe Morais Pinto Novo, Klebson da Silva Almeida

Resumen


Antecedentes: La calidad de vida de los estudiantes universitarios se ve directamente afectada al inicio de su vida universitaria debido a negligencia en el cuidado de la salud y a riesgos de predisposición como la obesidad. Propósito: El objetivo principal del presente estudio es analizar los niveles de actividad física y el índice de masa corporal (IMC) de los estudiantes universitarios. Métodos: Se seleccionaron las bases de datos PubMed, Scielo, ScienceDirect, BVS y Cochrane. La estrategia de búsqueda incluyó descriptores en inglés y en portugués: "college students", "academics", "body mass index", "level of physical activity", y "quality of life". Resultados: Después de encontrar 16 artículos, se aplicaron criterios de inclusión y exclusión, resultando en 10 artículos para un análisis a fondo. Se observó que los estudiantes universitarios tenían un buen nivel de actividad física y un IMC adecuado, a diferencia de estudios anteriores en los que el nivel de inactividad física y el sobrepeso encontrados eran relativamente altos. Discusión: A partir de los estudios realizados, se concluye que actualmente los estudiantes universitarios están dentro del peso normal y son físicamente activos. Traducción a la práctica de la educación para la salud: Deberían realizarse más estudios sobre el IMC y los niveles de actividad física, como dos importantes indicadores de salud, entre estudiantes universitarios.
Palabras clave: universitarios; nivel de actividad física; índice de masa corporal; estilo de vida; salud

Abstract
Background: The quality of life of college students is directly affected at the onset of college life due to the neglect of healthcare and predisposing risks such as obesity. Purpose: The main objective of the present study is to analyze the levels of physical activity and body mass index (BMI) of college students. Methods: The PubMed, Scielo, ScienceDirect, BVS, and Cochrane databases were selected. The search strategy included descriptors in English and Portuguese: “college students”, “academics”, “body mass index”, “level of physical activity”, and “quality of life”. Results: After finding 16 articles, inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, resulting in 10 articles for deep analysis. It was observed that college students had a good level of physical activity and adequate BMI, diverging from old studies in which the level of physical inactivity and overweight was relatively high. Discussion: From the studies carried out, it is concluded that currently college students are within normal weight and are physically active. Translation to Health Education Practice: Further studies about BMI and physical activity levels, as two important health indicators, should be carried out in college students. Keywords: academics; physical activity level; body mass index; lifestyle; health

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