Assessing vulnerability to HIV of migrant female students: A Mixed method exploratory study


  • VVaishali Gautam Senior Resident All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India
  • Arun Kumar Sharma Director Professor Department of Community Medicine University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India
  • Sanjay Bhasin


HIV vulnerability, high risk behaviour, migrants, females, college students


Background and methodology Female migrants have been identified to be at higher risk of HIV infection in comparison with male migrants, but the evidence is limited. The present study was conducted among novel group i.e. migrant female college student using a mixed-method approach to explore their vulnerability and risk to acquire HIV infection. Sample of 100 female migrant college students of Delhi University, of the age 18 and 23 years were selected from March 2015 to April 2016 and administered semi-closed questionnaire followed by in-depth interviews. Results Mean age of sexual initiation was 18.7 years. Twenty-one percent respondents had inadequate HIV related knowledge and 10% of respondents showed high-risk sexual behaviour as none used a condom consistently. Statistically, a significant association was observed between respondent’s high-risk behaviour and having friends who were sexually exposed (p < 0.005), also with respondent’s partner’s current place of residence (p <0.001). Push factors: greater opportunities, peer pressure and pull factor; coerced sexual intercourse, lead to high-risk sexual behaviour. Behavioural factors: inability to negotiate condom use, an embarrassment in purchasing condom and poor self-perceived risk further increased the respondent’s vulnerability to acquire HIV infection. Conclusion Keeping in mind that in India, migrant female students comprise a sizeable number hence we conclude that migrant female college students are vulnerable therefore requires focus to further measure their HIV vulnerability and risk and develop reduction measures.

Author Biography

Sanjay Bhasin

Professor Department of Community Medicine University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India


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Original Research