Analysis of the levels of physical activity and body mass index of college students: a systematic review

André Filipe Morais Pinto Novo, Milena Oliveira Cardoso, Anderson Melo Chaves, Pâmella Reis de Abreu, Mariela de Santana Maneschy, Ricardo Pablo Passos, Bráulio Nascimento Lima, Guanis de Barros Vilela Junior, Klebson da Silva Almeida

Abstract


Background: The quality of life of college students is directly affected at the onset of college life due to the neglect of healthcare and predisposing risks such as obesity. Purpose: The main objective of the present study is to analyze the levels of physical activity and body mass index (BMI) of college students. Methods: The PubMed, Scielo, ScienceDirect, BVS, and Cochrane databases were selected. The search strategy included descriptors in English and Portuguese: “college students”, “academics”, “body mass index”, “level of physical activity”, and “quality of life”. Results: After finding 16 articles, inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, resulting in 10 articles for deep analysis. It was observed that college students had a good level of physical activity and adequate BMI, diverging from old studies in which the level of physical inactivity and overweight was relatively high. Discussion: From the studies carried out, it is concluded that currently college students are within normal weight and are physically active. Translation to Health Education Practice: Further studies about BMI and physical activity levels, as two important health indicators, should be carried out in college students.

Keywords


academics; physical activity level; body mass index; lifestyle; health

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References


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